Effect of Supplementing Leaflet on Knowledge and Attitude toward Immunization among Mothers in Labuhan Batu, North Sumatera

Eka Purnama Sari


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara



Background: Immunization helps protect body from getting an infectious disease. It is important to give the right information to immunization among mothers. How­ever, ba­­sic im­mu­nization coverage in Labuhan Batu, North Sumatera, was as low as 38.1%. This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplementing leaflet on immu­nization use a­mong mothers in La­bu­han Batu, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: A quasi experiment was conducted at Teluk Santosa com­munity health center, North Sumatera. A total of 75 pregnant mothers in tri­mes­ter III was selected for this stu­dy. Pregnant mothers were divided into 2 groups: lecture and leaf­let (intervention group) and lec­ture only (control group). The depen­dent variables were knowledge and attitude toward im­mu­ni­zation. The inde­pen­dent variable was sup­ple­menting leaflet. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by t test.

Results: The mean scores of knowledge and attitude were higher in the intervention group than in the control group, and they were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Lecture supplemented with leaflet is more effective than lecture alone in im­pro­ving knowledge and attitude toward immunization among pregnant mo­thers.

Keywords: immunization, lecture, leaflet, pregnant mothers

Correspondence: Eka Purnama Sari. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: ekapurnamasari268@yahoo.com. Mobile: 081264858474.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.25

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