Factors Associated with Preventive Health Behavior for Dengue Hemorrhagic among Household Head in Pati, Central Java


Nurul Fatimah1), Setyo Sri Rahardjo2), Bhisma Murti1)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: WHO recommends the best way to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is to provide knowledge about DHF, healthy behavior, and DHF preventive be­ha­vior. However, the efforts to prevent DHF in the community is still low. This study aimed to determine factors associated with preventive health behavior for dengue he­mor­rhagic among household head in Pati, Central Java

Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study conducted in Pati, Central Java, in November 2018. A sample of 225 household heads was selected by simple random sam­pling. The dependent variable was DHF preventive behavior. The independent vari­ables were education, access to information, knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, com­munity health behavior, social capital, and villages. Data on DHF status was mea­sured by medical record. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were ana­ly­zed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: DHF prevention behavior increased with high education (OR= 2.43; 95% CI= 1.16 to 5.08; p= 0.018), good knowledge (OR= 2.18; 95% CI= 1.06 to 4.51; p= 0.035), self-efficacy (OR= 2.25; 95% CI= 1.09 to 4.66; p= 0.029), good access to information (OR= 5.40; 95% CI= 2.52 to 11.55; p<0.001), positive attitude (OR= 3.36; 95% CI= 1.59 to 7.07; p= 0.001), healthy behavior among community (OR= 2,11; 95% CI= 1.02 to 4.40; p= 0.045), strong social capital (OR= 2.79; 95% CI= 1.35 to 5.78; p= 0.006).

Conclusion: DHF prevention behavior increases with high education, good know­led­ge, self-efficacy, good access to information, positive attitude, healthy behavior among community, strong social capital.

Keywords: DHF prevention behavior, knowledge, social capital

Correspondence:

Nurul Fatimah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: nurul.fati­mah00049@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281329501844.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.24

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