Factors Associated with The Risk of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection among Children under Five In Abdya District, Aceh



Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Teuku Umar.



Background: Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is ranked in the 10 the highest dise­ase inci­dence in Alue River, Jeumpa District, South-West Aceh. In 2015 there was 80 new cases (40.0%). In 2016, the number of new cases increased to 138 cases (87.1%). This study aimed to deter­mine the factors associated with the risk of acute respiratory tract infection among children un­der five in Abdya District, Aceh.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out in Abdya district, Aceh. A to­tal of 138 children under five was selected for this study using purposive sam­pling technique, con­­sisting 2 groups: case and control groups. The dependent variable was ARI. The independent va­­riables were low birth weight (LBW), nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding, im­mu­ni­za­tion status, ventilation, floor type, and smoke expo­sure. The data on ARI, LBW, and im­mu­ni­za­tion status were collected from medical re­cord. The other data were collected by qu­est­ion­naire. The data were analyzed using lo­gis­tic regression.

Results: Incidence of ARI increased with LBW (OR= 13.43; p≤0.001), low nutri­tional status (OR= 12.25; p≤0.001), non-exclusive breastfeeding (OR= 7.31; p≤0.001), no im­mu­­nization (OR= 9.09; p≤0.001), absence of ventilation (OR= 5.88; p≤0.001), bad floor type (OR=16.38; p≤0.001), and frequent smoke exposure (OR= 23.26; p≤0.001).

Conclusion: Incidence of ARI increases with LBW, low nutri­tional status, non-exclusive breastfeeding, no im­mu­­nization, absence of ventilation, bad floor type, and frequent smoke ex­po­sure.

Keywords:   acute respiratory tract infection, low birth weight, exclusive breast­feed­ing, nut­ri­ti­onal status, immunization, ventilation, floor type, smoke

Correspondence: Fitriani. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Teuku Umar, West Aceh. Email: fitriani@utu.ac.id. Mobile: 085260448181.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.17


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