Family Resilience after Earthquake: A Systematic Review

Abdul Wakhid1), Achir Yani S. Hamid2)


1)Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Ngudi Waluyo

2)Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Natural disasters are manifesting more often in the last 100 years. Hu­man ac­ti­vities are also contributing and triggering this rapidness. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population’s resilience, or ability to re­­cover and also on the infra­struc­­ture available. Resilience has been shown to contribute to disaster victims’ recovery and posi­tively related to people’s mental health. This study aimed to systematically review factors affec­ting the family resilience after earthquake.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was carried out with quantitative method accor­ding to the PRISMA model. The dependent variable was family resilience. The in­dependent va­ri­ab­les were conflict, communication, family support, and improvement in resilience programs. From 829 articles, 11 articles that obligated with the in­clu­sion and exclusion criteria was selec­ted for this study. The articles were collected by searching 5 databases including Proquest, MED­­LINE, CINAHL, Science Direct, and Spri­­nger Link.

Results: Family resilience was affected by conflict (18.1%), communication (9%), family sup­port (54.5%), and improvement in resilience programs (27.2%). Although some stu­dies had re­vea­led that disasters do not always have the same characteristics in different regions.

Conclusion: Family resilience is affected by conflict, communication, family support, and im­prove­ment in resilience programs. Family resilience helps prepare disaster and minimize its im­pact.

Keywords: family resilience, disaster

Correspondence: Abdul Wakhid. Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Ngudi Waluyo, Semarang, Central Java. Email:


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