Health Cadre Advocacy for Early Detection of Psychological Disorder in the Elderly


Rahmah Saniatuzzulfa1), Rini Setyowati1)Rohmaningtyas Hidayah Setyaningrum2)           

 

1)Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The higher prevalence of psychological disorders in the elderly is caused by the lack of knowledge on how to early detect problems experienced by elderly. The purpose of the com­munity service is to provide cadres with psycho­education in early detection of psychological di­sorders in the elderly. This study aimed to examine the effect of health cadre advocacy for early detection of psychological disorder in the elderly.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment study with one group pre-test and post-test design conducted in Kartasura, Sukoharjo, Central Java. The advocacy  approach used in this study was community education through contextual teaching and learning. A total of 22 stu­dy subjects was included in this study, consisting of family welfare development mana­ge­ment, the elderly health post cadres, hamlet head, and neighbors. The independent variable was health cadre advocacy. The dependent variables were knowledge and skill in early detection of psy­chological disorder. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using Wilcoxon test.

Results: Scores in knowledge and skill in early detection of psychological disorder were higher after health cadre advocacy than before, and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Health cadre advocacy is effective to improve knowledge and skill of health cadres in early detection of psychological disorders in the elderly.

Keywords: health cadres, advocacy, elderly, psychological disorder

Correspondence: Rahmah Saniatuzzulfa, Rini Setyowati, Rohmaningtyas Hidayah Setyaningrum. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java. Email: rsaniatuzzulfa@gmail.com, rini.setyowati87@gmail.com, astitdr@gmail.com. Mobile: 08985116163, 085727755750, 081226361555.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.05

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