Mental Health Literacy among the Society in Surakarta


Setia Asyanti, Usmi Karyani

 

Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental health literacy refers to knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders which assists individuals in recognizing, managing, and preventing mental di­sorders. However, little is known about mental health literacy among the society in Sura­karta, Central Java, Indo­nesia. This study aimed to describe mental health literacy among the society in Surakarta.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive quantitative study conducted in Sura­karta, Cen­tral Java. A total of 288 people were selected for this study. The data were collected using ques­tionnaire with the concept of mental health literacy from Jorm. The data were analyzed using des­criptive analysis.

Results: Mental health literacy among the society in Surakarta showed: 1) the com­mu­nity had not comprehensively understood mental disorders; 2) the community iden­tified 1 factor as a cause of mental disorders; 3) people better recognized behavioral symp­­toms than other symp­toms of mental disorders; 4) people relatively understood early treatment in people with mental disorders through social support; 5) the com­mu­nity understood prevention of mental disorders even though they are still in the form of partial without concrete actions.

Conclusion: Mental health literacy among the society in Surakarta is yet to be impro­ved.

Keywords: mental health, literacy, society

Correspondence: Setia Asyanti. Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: setia.asyanti@ums.ac.id. Mobile: 08156724493.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.17

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