Multiple Logistic Regression on Factors Affecting Low Back Pain among Outpatients in The Physical Rehabilitation Polyclinic

Septi Ayu Arum Yuspita Sari1), Dono Indarto2)Mahendra Wijaya3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Low back pain (LBP) is one of top ten disorders in the world. However, the pre­va­lence remains unclear due to the first attack happening in adult age. Some bio­logical factors increase the risk of LBP while education level, occupation and know­ledge about LBP have not been investigated yet. This study aimed to analyze factors affecting LBP such as age, sex, edu­ca­tion level, occupation, and knowledge about LBP.

Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study conducted in Physical Re­habilitation Poli­clinic, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, from October to November 2018. A sample of 150 outpatients was selected fixed exposure sampling. The dependent variable was LBP. The independent variables were age, sex, education, oc­­cu­­pation, and knowledge about LBP. Data on LBP were obtained from medical re­cord. The other data were collected by ques­tion­naire. The data were analyzed by a mul­­tiple logistic regression.

Results: Female (OR= 1.11; 95% CI= 1.08 to 8.62; p= 0.036), severe occupation (OR= 1.83; 95% CI= 2.29 to 16.96; p<0.001), and older age (OR= 2.59; 95% CI= 4.70 to 37.37; p<0.001) in­creased the risk of LBP. Higher education (OR= -2.04; 95% CI= 0.05 to 0.40; p= 0.009) and hig­her knowledge of LBP (OR= -1.30; 95% CI= 0.10 to 0.72; p= 0.009) reduced the risk of LBP.

Conclusion: Female, severe occupation, and older age increase the risk of LBP. Higher education and higher knowledge reduce the risk of LBP.

Keywords: Low back pain, age, occupation, gender

Correspondence: Septi Ayu Arum Yuspita Sari. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: yuspitasa­ Mobile: +6282338986991.


Share this :

View PDF