Optimization of Surveillance and Laboratory Technicians in Diphtheria Outbreak Control in Banda Aceh, Aceh

Zahratul Aini1,2), Eti Poncorini1), Ari Natalia Probandari1)


1)Masters Program in Family Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Family Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh



Background: Diphtheria is a widespread severe infectious disease that has the poten­tial for epidemics. It was one of the leading causes of childhood death in the pre-vaccine era. Sur­veillance data can be used to monitor levels of coverage (target >90%) and di­se­ase as a measure of the impact of control programmes. Recent epidemics have high­ligh­ted the need for adequate surveil­lance and epidemic prepared­ness. This study aimed to exa­mine the optimization of surveil­lance and laboratory technicians in diph­the­ria out­break control in Banda Aceh, Aceh.

Subjects and Method: A qualitative study was carried out at 5 community health cen­ters in Banda Aceh, Aceh. The theme of this study was the optimization of surveil­lan­ce and laboratory tech­nician in diphtheria outbreak control in Banda Aceh, Aceh. The data were collected by in-depth interview. The data obtained were then verified at the city health office in Banda Aceh.

Results: There was a lack of surveillance and laboratory personnel in Banda Aceh. Each com­munity health center had only 1 surveillance person. No community health cen­ter had trained laboratory staff to collect diphtheria specimen. Banda Aceh city health office had only 1 trained laboratory technician. The lack of personnel hampered diph­theria control management.

Conclusion: There is a lack of surveillance and laboratory personnel in Banda Aceh. The lack of personnel hampers diphtheria control management.

Keywords: surveillance, laboratory, outbreak, diphtheria

Correspondence: Zahratul Aini. Masters Program in Family Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No.36A Surakarta, Central Java. Email: dr.zahratulaini@gmail.com. Mobile: 081360003747.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.27

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