Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Indonesian Young Adults

Windhy Monica1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas  Sebelas Maret



Background: Hypertension is commonly found in young adults and causes many non-com­mu­nicable diseases with high morbidity and mortality. Understanding the de­mo­graphic factors ine­qualities associated with hypertension isessential for designing effec­­tive intervention strategies, es­­pecially for their productive years. The aim of the cur­rent study was to use sub-nationally rep­re­­sentative survey data to examine pre­va­lence, diagnosis, and management of hypertension in In­do­nesian young adults.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study in 13 provinces in Indonesia. A sample of 13,954 study subjects aged 19-39 years was selected for this study. The de­pen­dent va­ri­able was hypertension. The independent variables were age, gender, and edu­cation. The data were collected from the 2014 Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS 5). The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Age-standardized prevalence of hypertension among the study participants was 30.82% (95% CI= 46.8 to 48.9), of which almost 75% were undiagnosed. Hyper­ten­sion was sig­n­i­ficantly higher in women (52.4%) than men (47.6%) with p<0.001. Over 78.5% of hy­per­tension cases were uncontrolled. Gender, region of living, and education sta­tus had differential impact on the diagnosis of hypertension and in receiving treat­ment. Less than a third were aware of their hypertension and a quarter of those on medi­cation had their blood pressure effec­tively controlled. Older people and those living in rural region were more vulnerable to have un­diagnosed and untreated hyper­tension compared to younger, urban people.

Conclusion: Age-standardized prevalence of hypertension among the study partici­pants was 30.82%, of which almost 75% were undiagnosed. Hyper­tension was signifi­cant­ly higher in wo­men than men. Substantial effort should be given to improve aware­ness about the condition and ma­king provision for early diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: hypertension, risk factor, young adult, national health survey, Indonesia

Correspondence: Windhy Monica. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: windhymo­


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