Psychological Well-Being of Athletes with Disability


Wiwien Dinar Pratisti, Hasanan Faruqi

 

Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Psychological well-being is fundamentally related to the way in which indi­­viduals negotiate their way through life challenges. People with disabilities are the most mar­gi­na­lized groups in the world that can experience bad psychological well-being. Disability is an im­pairment in cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, phy­­sical, sensory, or some com­bi­na­tion of these. This study aimed to describe the psy­cholo­gical well-being of athletes with disa­bility.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative study. A total of 5 athletes of the Na­tional Para­lympic Committee was selected for this study. The theme of this study was psy­chological well-being among athletes with disability. The data were obtained from semi-structured psy­cho­logical well-being interview using content analysis. The psy­cho­lo­gical well-being interview was a de­­velopment of six-factor model of by Carol Ryff, consis­ting of positive relationships with others, personal mastery, autonomy, a feeling of purpose and meaning in life, and personal growth and development.

Results: A total of 4 of 5 athletes of the National Paralympic Committee stated that they were less psychologically well-being, and only 1 athlete stated psychologically well-being. There was 1 athlete who stated that he could not accept his condition, 2 athletes were classified as under­deve­loped autonomy and lacked life goals, and 1 athlete was clas­sified as underdeveloped in his personal growth.

Conclusion: Disability affects psychological well-being among the athletes of the Natio­nal Para­lympic Committee.

Keywords: disability, psychological well-being, athletes

Correspondence: Wiwien Dinar Pratisti. Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Central Java. Email: wdp206@ums.ac.id. Mobile: 0818278956.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.18

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