The Association between Age, Body Mass Index, Hormonal Contraceptive, and Non Communicable Disease: A Study Using The Indonesian Family Live Survey-5

Danies Tunjung Pratiwi1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the main sources of disease bur­den. Obesity is a challenging epidemic and increased body mass index (BMI) influ­en­ces on almost all body systems leading to development of non-communicable di­sea­ses. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between age, body mass in­dex, hormonal contraceptive, and NCD.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study carried out in 13 provinces in Indo­nesia. A sample of 10,233 women of reproductive age was selected for this study. The dependent variable was non-communicable disease (NCD) for hypertension and cho­lesterol. The inde­pen­dent variables were hormonal contraceptive, overweight, and age. The data were obtained from Indonesian Family Live Survey 5 (IFLS). The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic reg­ression.

Results: Hormonal contraceptive users were 79.2%. Prevalence of hypertension and cho­lesterol was 13.6%. The risk of NCD increased with overweight (aOR= 1.90; 95% CI= 1.67 to 2.16; p<0.001) and age (aOR= 1.08; 95% CI= 1.07 to 1.09; p<0.001). Hor­monal contraceptive was po­sitively associated with NCD but it was statistically non-sig­ni­ficant (aOR= 1.09; 95% CI= 0.93 to 1.29; p= 0.285).

Conclusion: The risk of NCD increases with overweight and age. Hormonal contra­ceptive is positively associated with NCD but it is statistically non-significant.

Keywords: hormonal contraception, non-communicable disease, hypertension, cho­les­terol, age

Corespondence: Danies Tunjung Pratiwi. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: daniestun­ Mobile: +6285229209108.


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