The Association between Carbohydrate Intake, Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, and Obesity among Adult in Indonesia

Nita Aprilia1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: The prevalence of obesity has increased rapidly worldwide and the importance of considering the role of diet in the prevention and treatment of obesity is wi­dely acknowledged. Car­bohydrates are among the macronutrients that provide ener­gy and can thus contribute to excess energy intake and subsequent weight gain. The purpose of this study was to examine the asso­ciation between carbohydrate intake, fruit and vegetable consumption, and obesity among adult in Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study in 13 provinces in Indonesia. A sample of 20,575 study subjects was selected for this study. The dependent variable was obesity. The independent variables were carbohydrate intake and fruit and vegeta­ble consumption. The data were obtained from Indonesia Family Life Survey 5 (IFLS 5). The data were analyzed by a mul­tiple logistic regression.

Results: Obesity prevalence in Indonesia was 54.7%. As many as 46.1% of the study sub­jects was male and 53.9% was female. As many as 20% male and 34.7% female were over­weight/ obese. High carbohydrate intake increased the risk of overweight/obesity (aOR=1.24; 95% CI= 1.17 to 1.31). High fruit and vegetable consumption decreased the risk of overweight/obesity (aOR=0.86; 95% CI=0.767 to 0.97).

Conclusion: The risk of overweight/obesity increases with high carbohydrate intake and dec­re­ases with fruit and vegetable consumption.

Keywords: overweight, obesity, prevalence, carbohydrate intake, vegetable con­sump­tion

CorrespondenceNita Aprilia. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: nitaa­pri­ Mobile: +6283847987215






Share this :

View PDF