The Association between Personal Hygiene and the Occurrence of Contact Dermatitis among Farmers at Puskesmas Lameuru, Ranomeeto Barat, South East Sulawesi


Suharjuniatin Habibi, Wa Ode Fera Falawati, Harmilan

 

Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Contact dermatitis is an eczematous eruption caused by external agents, which can be broadly divided into irritant substances that have a direct toxic effect on the skin (irritant contact dermatitis, ICD) and allergic chemicals where immune delay­ed hypersensitivity re­actions occur (allergic contact dermatitis, ACD). This study aimed to determine the association between personal hygiene and the occurrence of contact derma­titis among farmers at com­mu­nity health center Lameuru, Ranomeeto Barat district, South East Sulawesi.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Lameuru Com­munity health center, Ranomeeto Barat district, South East Sulawesi. A total sample of 100 farmers was selected for this study by simple random sampling. The depen­dent variable was the occurrence of contact dermatitis. The independent varia­bles were personal hygiene, clothes hygiene, and clean­liness of the bed. The data was collect­ed by questionaire and analyzed by chi square and odds ratio as the measure of association.

Results: Poor personal hygiene (OR= 5.13; 95% CI= 2.16 to 12.19; p<0.001), poor clothes hygiene (OR= 8.46; 95% CI= 3.39 to 21.08; p<0.001), and poor cleanliness of the bed (OR= 7.37; 95% CI= 3.03 to 17.89; p<0.001) were associated with the occur­rence of contact der­ma­titis.

Conclusion: Personal hygiene, clothes hygiene, and cleanliness of the bed are asso­ciat­ed with the occurrence of contact dermatitis.

Keywords: personal hygiene, clothes hygiene, cleanliness of the bed, dermatitis

Correspondence: Suharjuniatin Habibi. Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Jl. A.H.Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. Email: Suharjuniatin123@gmail.com. Mobile: 085298348022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.22

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