The Associations between Smoking, Dietary Pattern, Walking Behavior, and Tuberculosis

Royhan Ahwan1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease which is still a global health pro­blem. Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for acute respiratory tract in­fec­tions, with both active and passive smoke exposure increasing the risk of TB in­fection. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between smoking, die­tary pattern, walking behavior, and the risk of tuberculosis.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study. A sample of 31,879 was se­lec­ted for this study. The dependent variable was tuberculosis. The independent va­ri­ables were dietary pat­tern, walking behavior, and smoking. The data were obtained from Indonesia Family Life Sur­vey (IFLS) year 2014. The data were analyzed by a mul­tiple logistic regression.

Results: The number of TB patients was 316 cases. Proportion of TB cases among male and fe­male were 55.7% and 44.3%, respectively. The risk of TB decreased with ab­sence of smoking (aOR= 0.86; 95% CI= 0.67 to 1.09; p= 0.211), good dietary pattern (aOR= 0.92; 95% CI= 0.71 to 1.19; p= 0.532), and walking behavior (aOR= 0.64; 95% CI= 0.48 to 0.86; p= 0.003).

Conclusion: The risk of TB decreases with good dietary pattern, absence of smoking, and wal­king behavior.

Keywords: tuberculosis, dietary pattern, walking behavior, smoking

Correspondence: Royhan Ahwan. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: royhan.ahwan­@gmail.­com. Mobile: 085264684123.


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