The Effect of Sanitation on History of Morbidity Disease among Children in Indonesia

Joko Sugiyanto1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret




Background: Water and sanitation is one of the primary drivers of public health. Sanitation aims to prevent contamination of the environment by excreta and, therefore, to prevent trans­mission of pathogens that originate in feces of an infected person. This stu­dy aimed to examine the effect of sanitation on history of morbidity disease among chil­dren in Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study in 13 provinces in Indonesia. A sam­ple of 15,733 children was selected for this study. The dependent variable was child morbidity. The independent variables were house ownership, latrine avaiability, was­te management, gar­bage management, boiled drink water, and history of disease. The data were obtained from In­do­­nesia Family Life Survey 5 (IFLS 5) years 2014. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: As many as 51.4% of sample was male children and 48.6% was female chil­dren. As ma­ny as 31.6% of male children and 32.2% of female children were unhealthy. Child morbidity in­creased with history of disease in the last month (aOR=1.94; 95% CI=1.75 to 2.15), but decreased with drinking boiled water (aOR=0.81; 95% CI=0.71 to 0.93).

Conslusion: Child morbidity increases with history of disease in the last month, but dec­reases with drinking boiled water.


Keywords: child morbidity, hygiene, sanitation, history of disease



Joko Sugiyanto. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: jokobon­ Mobile: +6281254261020


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