The Effects of Type of Cigarette and Frequency of Smoking on Heart Disease in Indonesia


Surahman Hamidi1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Tobacco use is a serious public health problem in the South East Asia where use of both smoking and smokeless form of tobacco is widely prevalent. Tobacco use represents a se­rious challenge to ongoing efforts to prevent noncommunicable di­seases in many countries. This study aimed to examine the effects of cigarette type and fre­quency of smoking on cardiovascular disease in Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study. A sample of 34,257 study sub­jects was selected for this study. The dependent variable was the incidence of heart di­sease. The inde­pendent variables were age, gender, smoking, type of cigarrete, and num­ber of cigarrete per day. The data were obtained from Indonesian Family Life Sur­vey 5 (IFLS 5) years 2014. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The prevalence of smoker in Indonesia was 35%. The prevalence of heart di­sease was 1.6%. The risk of heart disease increased with aged ≥45 years (aOR= 1.32; 95% CI= 1.07 to 1.65; p= 0.011), male (aOR= 2.36; 95% CI= 1.69 to 8.61; p<0.001), and smo­king (aOR= 1.77; 95% CI= 1.06 to 2.93; p= 0.028). Tobacco cigarette smokers (aOR= 4.01; 95% CI= 3.50 to 9.18; p<0.001) had higher risk of heart disease than filter ciga­rette smokers (aOR= 2.22; 95% CI= 1.15 to 4.27; p<0.017). Number of cigarette ≥20 per day (aOR= 3.85; 95% CI= 1.82 to 8.12; p<0.001) had higher risk of heart disease than <20 per day (aOR= 1.37; 95% CI= 1.13 to 4.95; p<0.022).

Conclusion: The risk of heart disease increases with aged ≥45 years, male, and smo­king. Tobacco cigarette smokers have higher risk on heart disease than filter cigarette smo­kers. Number of cigarette ≥20 per day has higher risk on heart disease than <20 per day.

Keywords: heart disease, age, gender, smoking, type of cigarette

Correspondence: Surahman Hamidi. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: surahman­hamidi@student.uns.ac.id

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.19

Share this :

View PDF