The Relationship between Community Health Behavior and Aedes Aegepty Larva Free Index in Abeli, Kendari, South East Sulawesi


Sulkarnain, Muhammad Asdin, Helvi Nugrahawati

 

Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne in­fec­t­ion that can lead to a severe flu-like illness. It is caused by four different viru­­ses and spread by Aedes mosquitoes. There are currently no vaccines. The best method of prevention is to avoid mosquito bites. Treatment is possible if diagnosis oc­curs before the patient develops dengue shock syndrome (DSS) or dengue hae­­­­mo­­­rrhagic fever (DHF). The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between community health behavior and aedes aegepty larva free index in Abeli, Ken­dari, South East Sulawesi.

Subject and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Abeli Com­munity health center, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. A total sample of 248 household heads was selected for this study by simple random sampling. Household heads were selected from Abeli and Ton­donggeu village, for each village was selected 124 house­hold heads. The dependent variable was aedes aegypti larva free index. The inde­pendent variables were knowledge, attitude, and prac­tice. The data were collected by questionnaire and obser­vation sheet. The data were analyzed by chi square.

Result: In Abeli village, the associations between knowledge (OR= 1.98; CI 95%= 0.91 to 4.35; p= 0.120), as well as attitude (OR= 0.99; 95% CI= 0.39 to 2.48; p= 0.999) with aedes aegypti larva free index were statiscally not significant. The association between prac­tice and aegypti larva free index (OR=2.55; 95%CI= 1.23 to 5.30; p= 0.018) was statis­cally significant. In Tondonggeu village, knowledge (OR= 4.67; 95% CI= 2.15 to 10.14; p<0.001), attitude (OR= 2.43; 95% CI= 0.99 to 5.93; p= 0.04), and practice (OR= 5.49; 95% CI= 2.48 to 12.18; p<0.001) were associated with with aedes aegypti larva free index, and they were all statiscally significant.

Conclusion: Community health behavior is consistently associated with aedes aegypti larva free index. Community health knowledge and attitude are inconsistently asso­ciated with aedes aegypti larva free index.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, action, aedes aegypti larva free index.

Correspondence: Sulkarnain. Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Jl. A.H.Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. Email: shul_dinkeskonut@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: 085255002719.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.01.30

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