Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit Nurse Experience in Providing Nursing Care to Mental Patients with Suicide Risk at A Psychiatric Hospital, Central Java

Khusnul Aini, Mariyati


Study Program in Nursing. School of Health Sciences Widya Husada Semarang



Background: Suicide is an important health care issue. Severe mental patients have a suicide risk of 90%. Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among 15 to 34 year olds. People at risk of suicide are often seen in health care settings. Mental health, primary care and emer­gen­­cy department providers are likely to encounter patients at risk of suicide in their prac­tices. This study aimed to determine the psychiatric intensive care unit (ICU) nurses ex­pe­rience in providing nursing care to mental patients with suicide risk.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative study with phenomenological appro-ach. This study conducted at psychiatric intensive care unit, psychiatric hospital, Cen-tral Java. A total of 5 nurses who were in psychiatric ICU with 2 until 8 years experien-ces, was selected for this study. The data were collected by in-depth interview and ob-servation. The data were ana­ly­zed descriptively.

Results: Five themes were obtain from this study, consisting of 1) The perception of the suicide phenomenon in patients with mental disorder; 2) Crisis intervention in pa-tients with suicide risk; 3) Motivation given to patients with suicide risk; 4) Family in-volved in the care of patients with suicide risk; 5) Constraint in treating patients with suicide risk.

Conclusion: There is a need to improve nursing care in patients with suicide risk in the psychiatric intensive care unit.

Keywords: nurse experience, psychiatric intensive care unit, caring, suicide risk

Correspondence: Khusnul Aini. Study Program in Nursing. School of Health Sciences Widya Husada Se-marang, Central Java. Email:


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