Accessibility of Sanitary Facilities at the Public Transportation Area for People with Different Ability in Yogyakarta


Elisabeth Deta Lustiyati, Merita Eka Rahmuniyati

 

Study Program of Public Health, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The provision of accessible sanitary facilities is a basic right and crucial part for the improve quality of life of people with different ability (PWDs). Accessibility enables the ef­fec­­tive participation of PWDs in public and especially in sanitary facili­ties. This study aimed to describe accessible sanitary facilities at the public trans­por­tation area for PWDs in Yogyakarta.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive qualitative study conducted in Yogya­karta from March to September in 2018. The dependent variable was accessi­bility. The prin­ciple of acces­si­bility was a guideline related to safety, usability, convenience, and in­de­pendence. The data were col­­lected by interview, observation, and documentation. The level of accessibility were collected using external assessments. The data were com­pared with the technical requirements of toilet for PWDs described in Ministry of Public Work Regulation Number: 30/PRT/M/2006.

Results: The accessibility level of sanitary facilities for PWDs at Adisutjipto Airport and Rail­way Station in Yogyakarta were good, while Giwangan Terminal was poorer than the former. The accessibility evaluation showed that the accessibility policies used general transportation stan­dards.

Conclusion: The accessibility level of sanitary facilities for PWDs at public areas vary with only a few meet the standard requirement.

Keywords: accessibility, disability, toilet, public transportation

Correspondence: Elisabeth Deta Lustiyati, Merita Eka Rahmuniyati. Study Program of Public Health, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta. Email: elisabethdeta@gmail.com. Mobile: 08562812724.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.06

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