Analysis of Factors Affecting Antibiotics Prescription among Doctors: A Systematic Review

Silvia Gozali Surono1, Adang Bachtiar2


1)Study Program in Hospital Administration,

2)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) are one of today’s most urgent pu­blic health pro­blems. Insight into factors that influence antibiotic prescribing is crucial when developing inter­ventions aimed at a more rational use of antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to re­view systematically on the factors affecting antibiotics pres­crip­tion among doctors.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was carried out by searching articles from Pub­med database through keywords included antibiotic prescription behavior, cul­­ture, so­cial-eco­no­my, and individual characteristics. 4 articles were se­lec­ted for this stu­dy from 20,700 articles.

Results: Social economy, individual characteristics, and culture were associated with anti­­bio­tics prescription behavior among doctors.

Conclusion: Social economy, individual characteristics, and culture are associated with anti­bio­tics prescription behavior among doctors.

Keywords: social economy, individual characteristics, culture, antibiotic, prescription

Correspondence: Silvia Gozali Surono. Study Program in Hospital Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email:


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