Association between Maternal Gestational Anemia and Low Birth Weight at Abdul Manap Hospital, Jambi


Rosa RiyaDwi Haryanti, Rini Mustika Kurnia Pratama,Nur Setiani

 

Academy of Midwifery KeluargaBunda, Jambi

 

ABSTRACT
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is a major problem in public health.Factors respon­sible to LBW are maternal malnutrition, anemia, inadequate prenatal care, drug abuse, birth or­­der, and maternal medical problem. In general, the diagnosis of maternal anemia is defined by he­mo­globin levels below 11 g/dl.This study aimed to examine the association bet­ween maternal ges­­tational anemia and low birth weight at Abdul Manap Hospital, Jambi.

Subjects and Method: A retrospective case control study was conducted at H. Abdul Manap Hos­pital, Jambi in 2017. A total of 224 mothers was selected for this study, divided into 2 groups: mothers giving birth to LBW infants and mothers giving birth to normal weight in­fants. The dependent variable was LBW. The independent variable was maternal ges­ta­ti­onal anemia. The data of maternal gestational anemia and LBW were obtained from medical re­cord.  The other data were collected using questionnaire. The data were analyzed using chi-squ­are and odds ratio as a measure of association.

Results: A total of 42.0% mothers who gave birth to LBW infants were suffered from mater­nal ges­tational anemia and 58.0% were not suffered from maternal gestational anemia. A total of 60.7% mothers who gave birth to normal weight infants were suffered from maternal ges­ta­tional anemia and 39.3% were not suffered from maternal gestational anemia. LBW was associated with maternal gestational anemia (OR= 2.12; 95% CI= 1.25 to 3.70), and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Low birth weight is associated with maternal gestational anemia.

Keywords: anemia, low birth weight, infant, mother

Correspondence: Rosa Riya. Academy of Midwifery KeluargaBunda, Jambi. Email: rosari­ya22@yahoo.com. Mobile: 085266624009.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.60

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