Correlation between Parenting Self-Efficacy and Post Partum Depression

Monica Kartini, Berlian Nurtyashesti Kusumadewi


Academy of Nursing Ngesti Waluyo



Background:Postpartum depression (PPD), also called postnatal depression, is a type of mood disorder associated with childbirth. Parental self-efficacy is the confi­den­ce a new mother has in her ability to meet the demands of the new parent role. Self-effi­­cacy as one of the im­por­tant components of social cognitive theory, defining it as one’s belief in parent ca­pa­bility to organize and execute the courses of action requir­ed to per­form a certain task. This study aimed to determine the correlation between pa­ren­t­ing self-efficacy and PPD.

Subjects and Method:This was a longitudinal cohort study conducted at Bulu, Kranggan, and Kedu community health centers, Temanggung, Central Java. A sample of 100 pregnant women of 32 to 42 week gestation was selected for this study. The in­dependent variables (and tools) were marital satisfaction (Enrich Marital Satis­fac­tion),premenstrual syndrome (shortened Premenstrual Assessment Form), social sup­port (Social Support Appraisals), health status (General Health Question­n­aire), which were measured prenatal. Parenting self-efficacy (Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale) was mea­sured postnatal. The dependent variable (and tool) was PPD (Edinburgh Postnatal Dep­ression Scale). Correlation between variables was measured by Pearson correlation coe­ffi­ci­ent.

Results:As many as 5% pregnant women had PPD. Parenting self-efficacy was nega­tively correlated with PPD (r=-0.47; p=0.010). The associations between marital sa­tis­fac­tion,premenstrual syndrome, social support, general health status, and PPD, were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Parenting self-efficacy is negatively correlated with PPD.

Keywords: depression, post partum depression, parenting self-efficacy, risk factors

Correspondence: Monica Kartini. Academy of Nursing Ngesti Waluyo, Temanggung, Central Java. Email: moni­ca.­ Mobile: 081392445771.


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