Description of Emotion and Behavior Problems among Urban Children and Adolescents in West Jakarta


Anwar S. Djaya1), Isa Multazam Noor2), Anhari Achadi1)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Adolescent Mental Health Unit, Dr. Soeharto Heerdjan Mental Hospital, Grogol, Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) during childhood and adolescence are a common concern for parents and mental health stakeholders. Earlier studies have shown that child and adolescent EBP predict numerous problematic outcomes in adulthood that involve serious challenges across many important life domains including family func­tion­ing, mental health, education, and employment. The pur­pose of this study was to des­cri­be EBP among urban adolescents in West Jakarta.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at several junior high schools in West Jakarta.  A sample of 140 adolescents was selected for this study. The de­pen­­dent variable was emotion and behavior problem (EBP). The data on EBP were collected by Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and described accordingly.

Results: Ages of the sample ranged from 12 to 15 years. Girls shared 54%. As many as 30% of the sample had EBP, consisting of 40% behavior problem, 31% emotional pro­blem, 15% hy­peractivity, 8% peer relation problem, and 6% pro-social literacy problem.

Conclusion: As many as 30% urban adolescents have emotional and behavior problem of va­rious types.

Keywords: children, adolescent, emotion, behavior problem.

Correspondence: Anwar S. Djaya. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Univer­sitas In­do­­nesia.  Email: andesmd@gmail.com. Mobile: 087876278300.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.31

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