Descriptive Study of Growth and Development in Pre-School Children in Jepara, Central Java


Saekhol Bakri1), Anisa Rochmah2), Arwinda Nugraheni1), Firdaus Wahyudi1), Bambang Hariyana1), Ani Margawati1)

 

1)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, UniversitasDiponegoro

2)Faculty of Medicine, UniversitasDiponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background: A growth and development problem of children means that a child falls either below or above the average range of growth for the child’s age, sex, family histo­ry, or racial back­ground. A growth disorder prevents the child from reaching the opti­mum height and weight. It can influence other aspects of the child’s mental, physical, or emotional development. This study aimed to describe the growth and development in pre-school children in Jepara, Central Java.

Subjects and Method:A cross sectional study was conducted in Slagi village, Pakis Aji,Je­para,Central Java, from 30 October to 6 November 2018. A total of 120children under five in Sla­gi village kindergarten was selected for this study. Study variables were nutritional status, height, and developmental status. The data were collected by inter­view and observation using growth checklist instrument and developmental pre-screen­ing questionnaire. The data were ana­lyzed descriptively.

Results:Out of 120 children under five, 39 (32.50%) had malnutrition, 11 (9.16%) had se­vere mal­nutrition, 2 (1.67%) had overnutrition, and 68 (56.67%) had good nutrition. Of all 120 children under five, 16 (13.33%) were short, 3 (2.50%)very short, and 101(84.17%) normal. Of all 120 children under five, 119 (96.67%) had good, 2 (1.67%)doub­ted, and 2(1.67%)deviated deve­lopmental status.

Conclusion: Malnutrition, stunting, and development problem among children under five are current public health problem in Jepara, Central Java.

Keywords: growth, development, children under five, malnutrition, stunting

Correspondence: Saekhol Bakri. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: saekhol1985@gmail.com. Mobile: 081390510151.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.61

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