Determinants of HIV/AIDS Preventive Behavior among Church Youth, in Timor Tengah Utara, East Nusa Tenggara


Intje Picauly

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) continues to be a major glo­­bal public health issue. In 2016, an estimated 36.7 million people were living with HIV (including 1.8 mil­lion children), with a global HIV prevalence of 0.8% among adults. Despite the recent declines in global HIV/AIDS mortality, today, HIV­/AIDS remains one of the leading global causes of both mortality and burden. This study aimed to examine the determinants of HIV/AIDS preventive behavior among church youth, in Timor Tengah Utara, East Nusa Teng­gara.

Subjects and Methods : This was a cross sectional study conducted at Kefamenanu, Timor Tengah Utara, East Nusa Tenggara, on January to June 2018. A total sample of 500 church youth was selected for this study by total sampling. The dependent variable was the HIV/AIDS pre­ventive behavior. The independent variables were age, education level, knowledge, dis­semination video display history, leaflet exposure history, and fam­ily support. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by chi square with odds ratio as the measure of asso­ciation.

Results : HIV/AIDS preventive behavior decreased with older age (OR=0.42; 95%CI= 0.30 to 0.68; p= 0.052), weak family support (OR=0.97; 95%CI= 0.63 to 1.12 p= 0.029), low education level (OR=0.50; 95%CI= 0.37 to 0.63; p<0.001), poor knowledge (OR=0.50; 95%CI= 0.47 to 0.73; p= 0.048), less exposure to video display history (OR= 0.33; 95% CI= 0.22 to 0.85; p= 0.001), and less leaflet exposure history (OR= 0.97; 95% CI = 0.32 to 1.12; p= 0.012).

Conclusion : HIV/AIDS preventive behavior decreases with older age, weak family support, low education level, poor knowledge, less exposure to video display history, and less leaflet exposure history.

Keywords :  HIV/AIDS, video, leaflet, education, knowledge, age, family support.

Correspondence: Intje Picauly. Masters Program in Public Health, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: picaulyince@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: 082237145517.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.47

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