Difference in Energy and Protein Intake between Urban and Rural Stunted Children Aged 4-6 Years


 Iin Qur’ainni1), Aslis Wirda Hayati2), Sri Desfita1)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Hang Tuah Pekanbaru

2)School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Riau

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Nutritional status in early childhood may greatly affect health, and subsequently impact not only a child’s own growth and development, but also economic de­velopment in the country.Previous study reported that stunting was a major nut­ri­tio­nal problem in Indonesia (rural: 39.2%; urban: 25.1%). The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in energy and protein intakebetween urban and rural stun­­ted children aged 4-6 years.

Subjects and Method: This was a mixed method study conducted in  Jake village and Taluk Kuatan city preschools. A sample of 58 stunted children aged 4-6 years was selec­ted for this study. The dependent variables were energy and protein intakes. The in­dependent variable was residence. The data were collected by food recall method (1×24 hours). The data on qualitative study were collected by focus group discussion. The data were analyzed by independent t test.

Results: Children energy intake in urban area (mean=1,070.31; SD=133.71) was higher than in rural area (mean=998.96; SD=301.35), but it was statistically not significant (p=0.249). Children protein intake in urban area (mean=32.48; SD=4.81) was higher than in rural area (mean=31.28; SD=2.61), but it was statistically not significant (p=0.240).

Conclusion:Children energy intake in urban area is higher than in rural area, although it is statistically not significant. Likewise, children protein intake in urban area is higher than in rural area, although it is statistically not significant.

Keywords:stunted, energy, protein, intake, urban, rural.

Correspondence: Iin Qur’ainni. Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Hang Tuah Pekanbaru, Jl. Mustafa Sari No.5, Tangkerang Selatan, Bukit Raya, Kota Pekanbaru, Riau 28125. Email: iin2.sifa@gmail.com. Mobile: 081327992562

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.45

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