Domestic Violence : A Qualitative Study in Yogyakarta


Linda Puspita Jati1), Hermanu Joebagio 2), Hanung Prasetya3)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Schoolof Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Domestic violence is any behavior the purpose of which is to gain power and control over a spouse, partner, girl/boyfriend, or intimate family member. Domes­tic violence is not physical violence alone. Abuse is a learned behavior, it is not caused by anger, mental problems, drugs or alcohol, or other common excuses. This study ai­med to explore domestic violence in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative study with phenomenology approach. This study was conducted innon-government organization, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in No­vem­ber 2018. The key informants included counsellor at the Swadaya Masyarakat Rifka Annisa Yogyakarta and two victims of domestic violence. The data were collected by in-depth interview, paticipative ob­servation, and document review.

Results:All victims experienced domestic violence due to gender inequality in deci­sion making. Children and wives were the most common victims of domestic violence. The domestic vio­lence could be physical or psychic. There were various of domestic viol­ence, but the majority stemmed from external factors. The incidence of domesic viol­ence was affected by social en­vi­ronment, perceived gender equality, socioeconomic factor, and patriarchal culture. Edu­ca­tional background did not affect the risk of do­mes­tic violence.

Conclusion:The incidence of domestic violence is affected by social environment, per­­ceived gender equality, socioeconomic factor, and patriarchal culture.

Keywordsdomestic violence, qualitative study

CorrespondenceLinda Puspita Jati. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia.Email: linda.puspitajati@student.uns.ac.id. Mobile:+628543538539.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.25

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