Effect of Birth Temperature and Maternal Comorbidity on Birth Weight at Discharge and Length of Stay among Neonates with Low Birth Weight at The Hospital

Nikmatur Rohmah1,2),Ah. Yusuf3), Rachmat Hargono4)


1)Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga

2)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah

3)Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga

4)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga



Background:  World Health Organization (WHO) defined low birth weight (LBW) as an in­fant birth weight ≤2,499 g, regardless of gestational age. Infant weight is accepted as a single pa­rameter directly related to the health and nutrition of the mother and her new­born. Infant weight is an important determinant of the chance of the newborn to sur­vive and expe­ri­ence healthy growth and development. This study aimed to examine the effect of birth temperature and maternal comorbidity on birth weight at discharge and length of stay among neonates with LBW at the hospital.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the peri­na­to­logy room in Dr. Soebandi Hospital, Jember, East Java. A total of 107 neonates was se­lec­ted for this study. The de­pen­dent variables were birth weight at discharge and length of stay. The independent va­ri­ables were birth temperature and maternal com­or­bidity.  The data were collected by questi­on­naire and analyzed by path analysis.

Results: Birth weight at discharge directly increased with good birth temperature (b= 0.30; 95% CI= 0.14 to 0.46; p≤ 0.001) and the absence of maternal comorbidity (b= -0.32; 95% CI= -0.47 to -0.16; p≤ 0.001). Length of stay increased with maternal co­mor­bidity (b= 0.21; 95% CI= 0.02 to 0.39; p= 0.027) and low birth weight (b= -0.20; 95% CI= -0.38 to -0.007; p=0.027).

Conclusion: Birth weight at discharge increases with good birth temperature and the ab­sence of maternal comorbidity. Length of stay increases with maternal comor­bidity and low birth weight.

Keywords: low birth weight, length of stay, maternal comorbidity

Correspondence: Nikmatur Rohmah. Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga/ Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jember. Jl. Karimata 49 Jember 68121, East Java. Email: nikmaturrohmah@unmuhjember.ac.id.

Mobile: 08124­96649­49.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.46

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