Effect of “Cutaneous Stimulation” on Dysmenorrhea reduction in High School Students, Jepara, Central Java


Noor Cholifah, Laili H

 

Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

 

ABSTRACT

Background:The incidence of dysmenorrhea is quite high. In the worldwide, more than 50% wo­men get dysmenorrhea in each country. In United State, about 45 to 90% wo­­men get dys­me­nor­rhea, consisting of12% hadsevere pain, 37%had moderatee pain, and 49% had mild pain. Those pain make them faced difficulty on school attend. In In­do­nesia, 55% reproductive age women get dysmenorrhea in each menstrual cycle. This study aimed to determine the effect of “cu­­taneous stimulation” on dysmenorrhea re­duc­tion in high school students, Jepara, Central Ja­va.

Subjects and Method:This study wasa quasi-experiment pre-test and post-test with control group design conducted at MayongMuhammadiyah High School, Jepara, Central Java. A total of 28 female students was selected for this study. The inde­pendent va­ri­able was cutaneous sti­mu­­lation (slow-stroke back massage). The de­pen­­dent vari­able was dysmenorrhea. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed byWil­co­xon test.

Results: As many as 8 (57.1%) female students had moderate dysmenorrhea, and 6(42.9%) had mild dysmenorrhea. After the treatment of cutaneous stimulation, 7 (50.0%) stu­­dents had mild dysmenorrhea and 7 (50.0%) had moderate dysmenorrhea. The reduction in dys­me­nor­r­hea after treatment was statistically sig­nifi­cant.

Conclusion:Cutaneous stimulation is effective to reduce dysmenorrhea among fe­male stu­dents.

Keywords:cutaneous stimulation, slow stroke back massage, dysmenorrhea

Correspondence: Noor Cholifah. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus, Kudus, Central Java. Email: noor­cho­lifah­@­um­kudus.ac.id. Mobile: 082227757828.

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.65

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