Effect of Gratefulness Training on Promoting Optimism among Women with Social Problem


Rini Lestari

 

Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies have been carried out about the effectiveness of optimism as a psy­chological phenomenon. A significant positive relation emerges between opti­mism and coping strategies focused on social support and emphasis on positive aspects of stressful situations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of grateful­ness training on promoting optimism among women with social problem.

Subjects and Method: This was an experiment study. A sample of 29 women with social pro­blem divided into two groups. Gratefulness training was conducted in 5 sessions. The dependent variable was optimism. The independent variable was grate­fulness training. Data on optimism were measured by optimism scale. The data were analyzed by Mann Whitney.

Results: Grateful training increased optimism among women with social problem.

Conclusion: Grateful training can be used as a psychology intervention model to increase optimism among women with social problem.

Keywords: gratefulness training, optimism, women with social problem

CorrespondenceRini Lestari. Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Jl. A. Yani, Mendungan, Pabelan, Kartasura, Sukoharjo 57162, Central Java. Email: rini.­lestari@­ums.ac.id

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.44

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