Effect of Health Education using Flip Chart on The Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding among Lactating Mothers at Kobakma Health Center,Central Mamberemo, Papua


Epina, Bagoes Widjanarko, Farid Agushyabana

 

Master Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast milk provides the ideal nutrition for infants. Exclusive breast­fee­ding is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appro­priate com­plementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Most of lacta­t­ing mothers in Kobakma health center do not give exclusive breast­feeding to infants because of lack of knowledge and low education. This study aimed to determine the effect of health education using flip chart on the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among lactating mothers at Kobakma health center, Central Mam­beremo, Papua.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment pre-test and post-test with control group de­sign. This study was conducted at Kobakma health center, Central Mamberemo, Papua.  A total sample of 60 mothers who had infants aged 0-6 months was selected for this study, and was divided into 2 groups: the flip chart group and con­trol group. The dependent variables were know­ledge, attitude, and practice of exclu­si­ve breast­feeding. The independent variable was flip­chart. The data were collec­ted by ques­tion­naire. Difference in means was tested by t test. Dif­fe­ren­ce in proportion was tested by chi-square.

Results: After the intervention, the mean scores of knowledge and attitude were higher in the flipchart group than in the control group, and it was statistically signi­ficant. Likewise, after the intervention, the proportion of breastfeeding practice were higher in the flipchart group than in the control group, and it was statistically signi­ficant.

Conclusion: Health education using flipchart is effective on increasing knowledge, at­ti­tude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among lactating mothers.

Keywords:knowledge, attitude, practice, flipchart, exclusive breastfeeding

Correspondence: Epina Yikwa. Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Univer­si­tas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Central Java. Email: epinayikwa­@gmail.com. Mobile: 082238448006.

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.27

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