Effect of Midwifery Care Education on Neonatal Care Knowledge and Practice among Mothers

Septiana Juwita


School of Health Sciences Widyagama Husada, Malang



Background: The first 28 days or 4 weeks of life after birth is known as neonatal period. Care during neonatal period is of immense importance for the proper deve­lop­ment and healthy life of a newborn baby. It is a period in which majority of infant deaths occur. During this period, a newborn has about 15 times greater risk of deve­lo­ping diseases and death than any other time before birth. This study aimed to deter­mine the effect of midwifery care education on neonatal care knowledge and prac­tice among mothers.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment conducted at Mojolangu com­munity health center, Malang. A total sample of 50 mothers was selected for this study and measured be­fore and after midwifery health education. The dependent variables were neonatal care know­ledge and practice. The independent variable was midwifery care education, by providing trai­ning education such as: bathing babies, giving clothes to babies, cleaning defecation, uri­na­ting babies, and maintaining the cleanliness of baby’s skin. The data were obtained from ques­tionnaire and direct observation. The sco­­res of knowledge and practice before and after edu­cation were tested by t test.

Results: Midwifery knowledge after education (Mean= 72; SD=14) was higher than before education (Mean= 51; SD= 9), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.008). Midwifery practice after education (Mean= 78; SD=15) was higher than before education (Mean= 57; SD= 12), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.002).

Conclusion: Midwifery care education increases neonatal care knowledge and practice among mothers.

Keywords: midwifery care, health education, knowledge, practice, neonatus, mothers

Correspondence: Septiana Juwita. School of Health Sciences Widyagama Husada, Malang, East Java. Email: septiana.juwita@gmail.com. Mobile: 085725445017.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.03

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