Effect of Participation in Pregnancy Education Classroom on Hemoglobin Level


Magdalena Dwi Wahyuni1), Didik Tamtomo2), Eti Poncorini3)

 

1)Masters Program in Family Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background:In 2013, Indonesia Basic Health Research (Riskesdas)reported the pre­va­lence of 37.1% anemia among pregnant women. The anemia was defined as hemo­­glo­bin (Hb) level less than 11.0 g/dL. Anemia in pregnant women is one of the leading con­­­tributing factorsof maternal mortality. Pregnancy education classroom is a group for pregnant women learning anddiscussingissues that occur during the pro­cess of preg­­­­nan­cy and childbirth. This study aimed to investigate the effect of partici­pa­tion in preg­nancy education classroom on Hb level.

Subjects and Method:This was a randomized control trial conducted at Wonosari II com­munity health center (Puskesmas), Klaten. A total of 50 pregnant women was divided into 2 groups: intervention (pregnancy classroom) group and control (no preg­nan­cy classroom) group. The dependent variable was Hb level. The independent vari­able was participation in pregnancy education classroom. Hb were mea­su­­red using Hb stick test. Difference in Hb means was tested by t test.

Results:Hb level in the intervention group was 0.84 g/dL higher than in the control group, and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion:Participation in pregnancy education classroom is effective to increase hemo­glo­bin level among pregnant mothers.

Keywords: pregnancy education classroom, haemoglobin level, pregnant mothers

Correspondence: Magdalena Dwi Wahyuni. Masters Program in Family Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: magdalenadwiwahyuni@gmail.com. Mobile: 081226088088.

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.35

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