Effect of Pregnant Mother Nutrition Monitoring Card on Nutritional Status and Birth Weight in Malang, East Java


I Nengah Tanu Komalyna, Sugeng Iwan Setyobudi, Tantri Cahyani

 

Nutrition Program, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Malang

 

ABSTRACT

Background:Mothers’ nutritional status is the most important determinant of new­born children’s birth weight. Poor maternal nutritional status has been related to ad­verse birth out­comes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, restricted foetal growth, and which can have lifelong consequences for development, quality of life and health­care costs.This study aimed to analyze the effect of pregnant mother nutrition moni­­toring card on nutritional status and birth weight in Malang, East Java.

Subjects and Method:This was a pre-test and post-test quasi experiment conducted in Nge­nep village, Karangploso subdistrict, Malang, East Java, from March to June 2018. A total sample of 19 pregnant women in third trimester was selected for this stu­dy. The dependent va­riable were food consumption, middle upper arm circumference (MUAC), and birth weight. The independent variable was pregnant mother nutrition moni­toring card. The data were collected by questionnaire.

Results:12 of 19 pregnant women (63.2%) were under weight, 5 (26.3%) were nor­mal, and 2 (10.5%) were obese. There was an increase in consumption: staple foods from 3 to 3.9 servings, ani­mal dishes from 1.6 to 2.8 servings, vegetable dishes from 1.8 to 2.8 servings, vegetables from 1.7 to 3.3 servings, fruit from 1.7 to 3 servings, and milk from 0.8 to 1.3 servings. 16 pregnant wo­­men (84.2%) gained weight with an average in­crease of 1.7 kg. 3 pregnant women lost weight with an average loss of 0.4 kg. Before the in­ter­vention, 4 pregnant women (21.0%) had protein ener­gy malnutrition (PEM). After the intervention, only to 2 pregnant women (10.5%) had PEM. All pregnant women (100%) gave birth to babies with normal birth weight.

Conclusion:Pregnant mother nutrition monitoring card is effective to increase food consump­tion, nutritional status of pregnant women, and birth weight.

Keywords:pregnant mother nutrition monitoring card, food consumption, body weight, nutritional status

Correspondence: I Nengah Tanu Komalyna, Sugeng Iwan Setyobudi. Nutrition Program, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Malang, Jl. Besar Ijen No. 77C, Malang, East Java. Email: tanukomalyna65@gmail­.­com, sugengiwan66@gmail.com.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.05

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