Effect of Prenatal Yoga on Reducing Low Back Pain among Pregnant Women in Klaten, Central Java


Amrina Nur Rohmah

 

Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint experienced by women during preg­nancy, and it has a great impact on their quality of life. Early detection and treatment of LBP will lead to the best possible outcome. Earlier stu­dies showed that prenatal yoga can de­cre­ase LBP, improve sleep, reduce stress and anxiety, increase strength, flexibility and endu­ran­ce of muscles needed for childbirth, nau­sea, headache, and shortness of breath. Thepur­pose of this study was to determine the effect of prenatal yoga on reducing LBP among pregnant women in Kla­ten, Central Java.

Subjects and Method:This was a quasi-experiment with pretest and posttest design. A sam­­ple of 30 pregnant women with LBP was selected for this study. The dependent variable was LBP. The independent variable was prenatal yoga. Pain level was measured by Numeric Ana­­log Scale (NAS). The data was analyzed by Chi-square.

Results:The proportion of women who experienced LBP (46.7%) after prenatal yoga was lo­wer than before (60.0%), and it was statistically significant (p=0.001).

Conclusion: Prenatal yoga is effective for reducing LBP among pregnant women.

Keywords: low back pain, pregnancy, prenatal yoga.

Correspondence: Amrina Nur Rohmah. Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indo­ne­sia. Am­rinanurrohmah12@gmail.com. 0857-2859-6996

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.29

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