Effect of “Rematri” Health Card on Knowledge, Body Mass Index, Energy, Protein, and Iron Tablet Consumption among Female Adolescents in Malang, East Java


Juin Hadisuyitno1), I Nengah Tanu Komalyana1), B. Doddy Riyadi1),

Zana Eka Mayangsari2)

 

1)Diploma III Program of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition,

School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Malang

2)Community Health Center Ngajum, Malang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Anemia in female adolescents is a nutritional problem in developing coun­tries, in­­cluding Indonesia. Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells is insufficient to meet the body’s physiologic needs. The result of Indonesia Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) on 2013 showed the proportion of anemia among po­pu­la­tion aged 5-14 years was 26.4%. Most of the previous study reported that causes of ane­mia in female adolescents were low nutrient in­take and lack of knowledge. This study aimed to examine the effect of Rematri Health Card on know­­­ledge, body mass index (BMI), energy, protein, iron tablet consumptions among female ado­lescents in Malang, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment one group pre-test and post-test design. This study was conducted at Ngajum Junior High School Malang, East Java. A total sample of 130 female students was selected for this study. The dependent vari­ables were nu­tri­­tional know­led­ge, BMI, energy, protein, and iron tablet consumptions. The independent variable was Re­matri Health Card. The data were collected by ques­tion­­­naire and analyzed by paired t test.

Results: Knowledge was higher after intervention (Mean= 91.75) than before inter­ven­tion (Mean= 62.09), and it was statistically significant (p≤0.001). Energy consumption was lower after intervention (Mean= 1.040) than before (Mean= 951), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.009). Protein consumption was higher after intervention (Mean= 22.94) than before (Mean= 3.18), and it was statistically significant (p≤0.001). Iron tablet consumption was higher after intervention (Mean= 3.18) than before (Mean= 0.24), and it was statistically significant (p≤0.001). BMI was lower after inter­vention (Mean= 20.09) than before (Mean= 20.16), but it was not statistically sig­nificant (p= 0.179).

Conclusion: Rematri Health Card is effective on increasing knowledge and iron tablet con­sump­tion among female adolescents in Malang, East Java.

Keywords: rematri health card, anemia, iron tablet, nutritional knowledge, body mass index, energy, protein

Correspondence: Juin Hadisuyitno. Diploma III Program of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Malang, East Java. Email: juinhadi@gmail.com. Mobile: 081555653485.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.11

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