Effect of Yoga Exercise on Reducing Depresion during Pregnancy: A Meta Analysis Study

Sintia Ayu Ningrum1), Uki Retno Budihastuti2), Hanung Prasetya3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

3)School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: Depression during pregnancy can negatively affect physical and mental health in mothers and infant. Yoga has minimal side effects and is easy to do in re­du­cing depression. This study aimed to examine the effect of yoga in reducing depression among pregnant women.

Subjects and Method:This was a meta analysis extracting 9 randomized controlled tri­als from Pubmed, Science Direct, Springer, Proquest, and Cochrane databases. The sam­ple size was 509 pregnant women who practice yoga exercise for 4 to 12 weeks. The effect size used stan­dardized mean difference (SMD). The data were analyzed by RevMan 5.3 program.

Results: Yoga exercise reduced depression 0.38 times in pregnant women (SMD= -0.38; 95% CI= -0.69 to -0.08; p= 0.010).

Conclusion:Yoga exercise can be used to alleviate anxiety among pregnant women.

Keywords: Yoga exercise, depression, pregnant women, meta analysis

Correspondence: Sintia Ayu Ningrum. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: tia­yu.ning­rum@gmail.com. Mobile: +6283866810777

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.09

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