Effect of Yoga Relaxation Exercise using Android Application on Dysmenorrhea among Female Adolescents in Yogyakarta

Desi Fitriani1), Yuni Kusmiyati²), Lucky Herawati2)


1)Masters Program in Applied Midwifery,School of Health Sciences

Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta

2)School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Yogyakarta



Background: Relaxation aids in the reduction of stress, which can benefit the whole body. Stress causes muscle tension throughout the body, which in turn can cause the pain to worsen. Re­laxation exercises help ease that built-up tension in the body, redu­cing pain. This study aimed to determine the effect of yoga relaxation exercise using an­dro­id application on dysmenorrhea among female adolescents in Yogyakarta.

Subjects and Method: This study was a quasi experiment conducted at Muham­ma­diyah 5 High School in Yogyakarta. A sample of 60 female students was divided into 2 groups: yoga relaxation exercise and control groups. The dependent variable was mens­tru­al pain. The inde­pendent variable was type of intervention: yoga relaxation exercise for 30 minutes using android application (experimental group) or leaflet (control group). The confounding variables were age of menarche, duration of menstruation, fami­­ly history, and nutritional status. The dys­me­nor­r­hea data were collected by pain mea­­surement sheet. Pain was measured by numerical rating scale (NRS). The data were analyzed using Wilcoxon test.

Results: Average pain reduction in yoga relaxation exercise group (Mean= 1.73) was larger than control group (Mean= 0.95), and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion:Yoga relaxation exercise for 30 minutes using android application is effective to reduce dysmenorrhea among female adolescents.

Keywords: yoga relaxation, android application, leaflet, menstrual pain, dys­me­nor­rhea

Correspondence: Desi Fitriani. Masters Program in Applied Midwifery, School of Health Sciences Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta, Condongcattur, Depok, Sleman 55283, Yogyakarta. Email: fitriadesy120@gmail.com. Mobile: 082141116057

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.04

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