Effectiveness of Video Assisted Health Education in Enhancing Knowledge and Pratice of Breast Cancer Prevention


Aras-Utami1), Dodik Pramono1), Ari Budi Himawan1),

Bunga Ayu Gifara2)

 

1)Department of Public Health-Preventive Medicine,

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast cancer is a global health problem and the most common cancer amongst women. It is also the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in low-resourced countries. It is im­por­tant that women are aware of the risk factors for breast cancer prevention. There are many strategies to educate breast cancer prevention among women, including using video assisted health education. The purpose of this study was to examine effectiveness of video assisted health education in enhancing knowledge and practice of breast cancer prevention.

Subjects and Method: This was quasi experiment study with pre and post test design. The study was conducted in Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Uni­ver­sitas Diponegoro, Se­ma­­rang, from May to June 2018. A sample of 40 female students was selected by consecutive sam­pling. The dependent variables were knowledge and breast cancer prevention. The inde­pen­dent variable was health education method. The data were collected by questionnaire and tested by Mann Whitney test.

Results: The average age of the female students was 19 years old. All of them were not married. Mean of knowledge after intervention (mean= 22.38; SD= 1.53) was higher than before (mean= 18.43; SD= 2.06), and it was statistically significant. Mean of breast cancer prevention behavior after intervention (mean= 30.85; SD= 1.53) was higher than before (mean= 26.65; SD= 3.47), and it was statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Health education using video media is effective in increasing breast cancer know­ledge and prevention behavior.

Keywords: breast cancer, health education, video, knowledge, behavior

Correspondence: Aras Utami. Department of Public Health- Preventive Medicine. Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Dipo­negoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: aras.utami@gmail.com. Mobile: + 81225273747

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.45

 

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