Evaluation of Smoke-Free Area Policy Implementation at Schools in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Heni Trisnowati, Utari Marlinawati


Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta



Background: Tobacco use is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the implementation of various tobacco control interventions (e.g. increased taxa­tion, mass me­dia campaigns, or smoke-free laws for indoor public places and work­places) the prevalence of to­­­­­­bacco use remains high, especially in Indonesia. Due to man­­datory attendance, secondary schools are a potential setting for implementing smo­king bans to prevent tobacco use among ado­­lescents. Moreover, schools can play a key role in tobacco interventions as adolescence is a cri­­tical time for acquiring new pat­terns such as smoking initiation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate smoke-free area policy implementation at schools in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Yogyakarta. A sample of 162 of all 298 high schools in Yogyakarta was selected for this study by pro­por­tional stratified ran­­dom sampling. The dependent variable was smoke-free area policy implementation. The in­de­­­pendent variable was written local regulation and pro­motion media. The data was collected by sur­vey and described accordingly.

Results: As many as 89.5% schools in Yogyakarta had written regulation about smoke free area po­licy. 88.3% schools had smoking ban program promotion media. 66% schools had smoke free area policy monitoring personnel. 88.9% schools had socia­lization about smoke free area policy. 90.1% schools had free area of cigarette smoking.

Conclusion: Adherence to smoke free area policy among schools in Yogyakarta is high.  So­cia­li­zation about smoke free area policy has yet to be enhanced.

Keywords: implementation, smoke, free, area, policy, school.

Correspondence: Heni Trisnowati. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati  Yog­ya­­­karta Jl. Raya Tajem KM 1.5 Maguwoharjo, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta. Fax. 02­74­44­37­99­9.  Email: hentris27@gmail.com. Mobile: 02744437888.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.18

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