Factors Associated with The Compliance of Iron Tablet Consumption in Pregnant Women

Febrina Ardianti1), Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Anemia in pregnant women remains a major public health problem in deve­loping countries. It can be prevented by iron tablet consumption. However, com­pli­ance to taking iron tablet was low in Indonesia. This study aimed to investigate fac­tors associated with the com­pliance of iron tablet consumption in pregnant women.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Blitar, East Java, in No­vember 2018.A sample of 200 pregnant women was selected by simple random sam­pling. The dependent variable was compliance to iron tablet consumption. The inde­pendent variables were education, intention, attitude, perceived behaviour control, fami­ly income, subjective norm, and husband support. The data were collected by ques­tion­naire and analyzed by a mul­tiple linear regression run on Stata 13.

Results: Iron tablet consumption compliance was positively associated with high edu­cation (b= 0.90; 95% CI= 0.05 to 1.76; p= 0.038), high family income (b= 0.05; 95% CI= 0.01 to 0.10; p= 0.030), multiparity (b= 1.11; 95% CI= 0.32 to 1.90; p= 0.006), positive attitude (b= 0.28; 95% CI= 0.14 to 0.43; p< 0.001), strong intention (b= 0.45; 95% CI= 0.05 to 0.85; p= 0.028), strong hus­band support (b= 0.23; 95% CI= 0.03 to 0.42; p= 0.022), subjective norm (b= 0.28; 95% CI= 0.01 to 0.54; p= 0.039), perceived behavior control (b= 0.33; 95% CI= 0.16 to 0.50; p< 0.001), and iron tablet availability (b= 1.52; 95% CI= 0.71 to 2.32; p< 0.001). Iron tablet con­sump­tion compliance was negatively associated with side effect (b= -1.13; 95% CI= -2.06 to -0.20; p= 0.018).Conclusion: Iron tablet consumption compliance is positively associated with high edu­cation, high family income, multiparity, positive attitude, strong intention, strong hus­band support, sub­jective norm, perceived behavior control, and iron tablet avai­la­bi­lity. Iron tablet con­sump­tion compliance is negatively associated with side effect.

Keywords: iron tablet consumption, compliance

Correspondence: FebrinaArdianti. Masters Program in Public Health, UniversitasSebelas Maret,Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: ardiantifebrina@gmail.com.Mobile:+62816609336.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.08

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