Impact of Smartphone use and Family Supervision in Sleman, Yogyakarta


Nur Alvira Pascawati, Fajarina Lathu Asmarani

 

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The adoption of the smartphone by young people has been a global phe­no­­menon in recent years. The smartphone has lead to changed dynamics in the family, with issues of safety and surveillance. Smartphone offers convenience in life, but it poses some negative ef­fects. The National Board of Population and Family Planning (BKKBN) has implemented the Ado­lescents Family Development (BKR) program and the Infor­­mation and Counseling Center for Youth (PIK-R) program with the aim to enhance parent-child communication and peer so­cial interaction. This study aimed to exa­mine impact of smart­phone use and family super­vision in Sleman, Yogyakarta.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Sleman district, Yog­ya­karta. A sample of 120 families with adolescents was selected for this study. The depen­dent va­­riables were learning concentration, self confidence social interaction, pa­ren­t­­al supervision. The independent variable was BKR/PIK-R program and smart­pho­ne use. The data were col­lec­ted by questionnaire and tested by chi square.

Results: >40% of adolescents who used smartphone lost learning concentration, >50% con­si­de­red smartphone as a friend in loneliness and a tool to enhance self con­fi­dence and so­cia­li­za­tion, >70% felt comfortable in social interaction with peer, >80% were addicted to smartphone use. BKR/PIK-R program made the parents more active in communication with and supervision of their children.

Conclusion: BKR/PIK-R program make the parents more active in supervising their children.

Keywords: smartphone, supervision, family, information, counseling center, adolescent

Correspondence: Nur Alvira Pascawati. Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta. Email: irha­011­185@yahoo.com. Mobile: +628176616928.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.30

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