Implementation Prevention and Control Infection in Hospitals in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review

Lenggo Geni Sari1, Amal C Sjaaf2


1)Magister Student of The Hospital Administration Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia
2)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia




Background: Infections related to health care or infections acquired in health care settings are the most common side effects in the provision of health services worldwide. The hospital aims to provide protection for the safety of patients, the community, the hospital environment and human resources in hospitals and improve the quality and maintain the standard of hospital services. Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) is an effort to ensure the protection of everyone from the possibility of contracting infection from public sources and while receiving health services at various health facilities.Subjects and Method: This research was use Systematic Review with PRISMA method with articles retrieved from online databases including Wiley, ScienceDirect, Pro­Quest, Jstor and local journals (Portal Garuda, Jurnal Promkes) using a keyword “Im­plementation”, “Prevention and Control Infection”, “Hospital”, “Developing Coun­try”. Publication date from 2015 – 2018. The end of this search got 10 journals.Results: Studies that have been carried out in several developing countries evaluate the policies, practices and challenges of infection control in hospitals. The purpose of this study is to identify problems, obstacles and factors that play a role in the successful implementation of infection control and prevention (PPI) in hospitals in developing countries. The advantage of implementing an infection control and prevention program at a hospital is to reduce the number of HAIs and improve patient safety. The culture of hand hygene is one of the keys to the successful implementation of this program. Supporting leaders, lack of advice and infrastructure are obstacles to the success of infection control and prevention programs.Conclusion: Implementation of control and prevention of infection is an important part in decreasing the number of health care associated infection (HAIs) in hospitals. Mana­ge­ment support, human resources and facilities and infrastructure are part of the suc­cessful implementation of infection control and prevention.

Keywords: Implementation, Prevention and Control Infection, Hospital, Developing Country

Correspondence: Lenggo Geni Sari. Health Hospital Management Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia. Email: Mobile: 08111989402.


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