Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of the Cold Chain Vaccine Management at Boalemo Community Health Center, Gorontalo


Zulfiayu, Wenny Ino Ischak, Paulus Pangalo

 

School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Gorontalo

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Cold chain vaccine management is a management of the storage and dis­tri­bution ac­tivities that maintain vaccine in a given temperature range.  Vaccine mana­gement includes both managerial and operational functions. These critical func­tions must be un­der­taken by a skil­led manager to ensure adequate availability of high-qu­ality vaccines for im­mu­nization service delivery. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the cold chain vaccine management at Boalemo com­munity health center, Gorontalo.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out at a District Pharmacy Instal­lation and 11 community health centers in Boalemo, Gorontalo, in September 2018. A total of 53 vac­cine managers was selected for this study. The dependent va­riable was cold chain vaccine ma­na­gement. The independent variables were knowledge, attitude, and prac­­tice. The data were col­lected using questionnaire and observation. The data were ana­lyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis.

Results: Knowledge of cold chain vaccine management was good (73.5%) and poor (26.5%). Attitude toward cold chain managers was positive (79.4%) and negative (20.6%). Cold chain ma­na­­gement at community health centers was good (50%) and poor (50%). Practice was sig­nifi­cantly associated with cold chain vaccine management. The associa­ti­ons bet­ween know­ledge, atti­tude, and cold chain vaccine management, were not statisti­ca­lly signi­fi­cant.

Conclusion: Vaccine manager practice is associated with cold chain vaccine manage­ment.

Keywords: cold chain management, vaccine, knowledge, attitude, practice

Correspondence: Zulfiayu. School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Gorontalo.

Email: zulfiayu­@pol­­tekkes­gorontalo.ac.id. Mobile: 085348224688.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.38

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