Measuring Occupational Health and Safety Vulnerability among Hospital Nurses in Dr.Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta


Desrifana Yunus

 

Universitas Gadjah Mada

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Nurses are health workers who have risks and vulnerable with work­place acci­dents. Occupational accidents and cccupational disease per 100 workers in hos­­­pi­tals are al­most double compared to the private sector and higher compared to the mi­­ning, manufac­turing, and construction sectors. Occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnera­bility defines as exposed to hazards and classified as having inadequate ac­­­cess to one of the three kinds of mi­tigation resources. The three mitigation resources are policy and procedure, awareness, and empowerment. The purpose of this study was to measuring OH&S vulnerability among hos­­pital nurses, Yogyakarta.

Subjects and Method: This was a quantitative descriptive conducted in Yogyakarta. A total of 30 nurses was selected for this study. The dependent variable was OH&S vul­ne­ra­bility in 3 areas: policy and procedure, awareness, and empowerment. The data were collected by questionnaire and in-depth interview. The data were analyzed des­crip­­tively.

Results: Three types of OH&S vulnerability were exposed to hazards, including: policy and procedure, awareness, and em­power­ment. 90.00% of nurses in the hospital were ex­posed to hazards, such as working with awkward posture and exposure to dangerous gas. 10.00% of the sample had no adequate access to OH&S policy and procedure at work­­place. 16.70% of nurses were lack of awareness of workplace rights and respo­n­si­bi­lity. 33.30% of nurses had inadequate OH&S empowerment. 50.00% of nurses was vul­n­erable to workplace illness or injury

Conclusion: Most of the nurses have vulnerability to occupational health and safety. It is necessary to increase access to OH&S policies and procedures, awareness and em­po­werment

Keywords: occupational health, safety, vulnerability, hazard, nurse, hospital

Correspondence: Desrifana Yunus. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Email: desrifana@gmail.com. Mo­bile: 081299024990

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.57

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