Occupational Health and Safety at Hospital: An Analysis of Its Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation


Dhimas Herdhianta, Hanifa Maher, Denny, Suroto

 

Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Increasing awareness of the adverse effects of occupational accidents and diseases on workers and workplaces has led to the increasing enforcement of pre­ven­tive measures to combat risks. Despite major advances in occupational health and safety which have led to pre­vent injuries and illness in the working environment, chal­leng­es persist in many or­ga­ni­za­tions. Recent studies show, despite the widespread im­ple­m­entation of eva­lu­a­tion of occupational health in the workplace, there is a lack of com­­prehensive, robust evi­­den­ce to demonstrate their effectiveness. This study aimed to ana­lyze the pla­n­n­­ing, im­ple­mentation, and evaluation of occupational health and safety (OH&S) at hospital.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative case study conducted at a hospital in Se­marang, Central Java. A sample 0f 6 informants was selected for this study. The de­pen­­dent variables were OH&S planning, implementation, and evaluation. The data were col­lec­t­­ed by in-depth interview.

Results: OH&S planning included risk identification and annual hospital OH&S pro­gram development. OH&S implementation included socialization, OH&S training, de­ve­lopment of standard operating procedure (SOP), development of fire and disaster pro­tection sys­tem, and hospital sanitation. OH&S evaluation included instrument exa­mi­nation and test­ing, annual evaluation of OH&S program. Internal audit has not yet im­plemented.

Conclusion: The planning, implementation, and evaluation of OH&S has been sufficient.

Keywords: planning, implementation, evaluation, safety, occupational health, hos­pital

Correspondence: Dhimas Herdhianta. Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Uni­ver­sitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: herdhianta@gmail.com. Mobile: 085749312412.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.58

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