Path Analysis on Factors Associated with The Uptake of Intrauterine Device in Klaten, Central Java

Veronica Fenny Wijaya1),  Setyo Sri Rahardjo2), Rita Benya Adriani3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta



Background: Population growth (annual %) in Indonesia was reported at 1.14% in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.Family planning is one of the strategies which is proving to be effective in tackling these problems.It is one of the leading strategies to improve family life and welfare, control unwanted population growth, and aid the development of the nation. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the uptakeof intrauterine device in Klaten, Central Java, using Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and path analysis model.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in 25 community health centers in Klaten, Central Java, from November to December 2018. A sample of 200 women of reproductive age was collected by simple random sampling. The de­pen­dent variable was the use of IUD. The independent variables were education, husbandsupport, health personnel support, employment, income, social norm, religion, inten­tion, attitude, perceived behaviorcontrol. The data were measured by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis.

Results: IUD use was directly affected by high income (b=0.57;SE=0.32;p=0.073), positive attitude (b=2.02;SE=0.56;p<0.001), intention (b=2.40;SE=0.54;p<0.001), husband support (b=2.16;SE=0.51;p<0.001), and health personnel sup­port (b=2.38;SE=0.53;p<0.001). IUD use was indirectly affected by education, em­ploy­ment, social norm, religion, and perceived behavior control.

Conclusion: IUD use is directly affected by high income, positive attitude, intention, husband support, and health personnel support. IUD use is indirectly affected by edu­ca­tion, employment, social norm, religion, and perceived behavior control

Keywords: IUD use, Theory of Planned Behavior, path analysis


Veronica Fenny Wijaya. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: Mobile: +62895368775784.


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