Relationship between Maternal Schooling, Parity, and Implementation of Kangaroo Care in North Jakarta

Intan Silviana Mustikawati


Study Program of Public Health, Universitas Esa Unggul



Background: Neonatal mortality is a major challenge in reducing child mortality ra­tes in many deve­lopment countries. Despite efforts by the government, data from the last three demographic and health surveys show a rise in the contribution of neonatal deaths to infant and child mor­ta­lity. Kangaroo mother care’ (KMC) includes thermal care through continuous skin-to-skin con­tact. KMC substantially reduces neonatal mor­­tality amongst preterm babies (birth weight <2000 g) in hospital, and is highly ef­fec­­tive in reducing severe morbidity, parti­cularly from in­fec­­tion. The purpose of this stu­­­dy was to determine relationship between maternal schooling, pa­rity, and im­ple­men­­tation of kangaroo care in Cilincing, North Jakarta.

Subjects and Method:This was an analytic descriptive study conducted in Cilincing, North Ja­karta. A sample of 50 mothers who had low birth weight baby was selected for this study by pur­­posive sampling. The dependent variable was kangaroo care. The inde­pendent variable was mother’s education level and parity. The data were collected by inter­view and questionnaire and ana­lyzed by chi-square with odds ratio as the measure of association.

Results: Poor kangaroo care practice was associated with high maternal schooling (OR= 5.33; 95% CI= 12.75 to 22.32; p= 0.016) and high parity (OR= 4.13; 95% CI 1.09 to 15,59; p= 0.031).

Conclusion: Poor kangaroo care practice is associated with high maternal schooling and high parity.

Keywords: maternal schooling, parity, kangaroo care.

Correspondence: Intan Silviana Mustikawati. Study Program of Public Health, Universitas Esa Unggul,

Ja­karta. Em­­ail: Mobile: 081318501928.


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