School-Based Mental Health: What and Why It is Needed

Usmi Karyani1, 2), Subandi3), Ira Paramastri3), Nanik Prihartanti3)


1)Doctoral Program of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

2)Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

3)Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada



Background: Over the years there has been an increase in mental health problems in children and adolescents all over the world. To anticipate the increasing number of men­tal health pro­blems in children and adolescents, various parties, including World Health Organization (WHO), encourage to develop school-based mental health services (SBMH). The issue of SBMH has become quite widespread in the past two decades. This study aimed to provide an un­der­stan­­­ding concept of SBMH.

Subjects and Method: This was a literature study to critically analyze and describe the rea­sons of what and why SBMH is needed. The study was done through summary, cla­­ssification, and comparison of prior studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical ar­ticles.

Results: School-based programs offered the promise of improving access to diagnosis of and treat­­ment for the mental health problems of children and adolescents. School-based mental health services (SBMH) was quite effective in addre­ss­ing health problems in children and ado­les­­cents. Unfortunately, many mental health researchers and practi­tioners in Indonesia were not familiar about the con­cept of SBMH.

Conclusion: By understanding the concept of SBMH, it is hoped that more mental health re­searchers and practitioners are intere

Keywords: mental health, promotion, school-based mental health

Correspondence: Usmi Karyani. Doctoral Program of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada/ Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: uk257@­ums­ Mobile: 081325872920.



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