Sleep Quality of Inpatients at Pasar Rebo Hospital, Jakarta

Dwi Jayanti, Pujiyanto


Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Sleep is a private experience that is influenced by many factors in­clu­ding age, sex, food, and physical and psychological health. Earlier studies de­mon­strates that ma­ny patients suffer from poor sleep quality during hospitalization. Poor quality of sleep has been found to be a crucial factor for worse glycemic control. Moreover, it can lead to many complications, such as cardiovascular diseases, neuropathy, retinopathy, ne­­ph­ro­pa­thy, and psy­chological distress. This study aimed to determine the correlation bet­ween sleep practices, pain, and sleep quality of inpa­ti­ents at the Pa­sar Rebo Hospital, Ja­karta.

Subjects and Method: This was a correlation study conducted at Pasar Rebo Hospital, East Jakarta. A sample of 85 class III inpatients was selected for this study by ran­­­dom sam­­pling. The dependent variable was sleep quality. The independent vari­able was sleep prac­­tice and pain. The data were collected by questionnaire. Sleep quality was mea­­sured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and sleep practice was measured by Bedtime Rou­tine Qu­e­s­t­io­nna­ire (BRQ). The correlation between variables was measured by Pearson co­r­re­la­­tion coefficient.

Results: 83.5% patients had poor sleep quality. Sleep quality was positively correlated with sleep practice. Sleep quality was inversely correlated with pain.

Conclusion: Sleep quality is positively correlated with sleep practice, but inversely cor­­re­la­ted with pain among inpatients hospitalized at Pasar Rebo Hospital.

Keywords: sleep quality, pain, inpatients, hospitalization

Correspondence: Dwi Jayanti. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok. Email: Mobile: 085711199388.


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